With the population at about 2,427,000 people in an area covering 14711 square meters Guilan province seats on the Caspian Sea’s coast lines and on the south’s neighbors Zanjan and Gazvin provinces the east it has common boarders with Mazandaran and on the west side is limited by Ardebil province, if rely on eyes on the beauties and color mountains of Guilan we have mistreated arise. The forest of Guilan have covered 5650 hectares of land which is about 38% of the province and gives the wild flower every reason to blossom and make its domestic birds to sing. The climate of the region is Mediterranean thanks to its neighboring with the see and the great wall of Alborz Mountain that keeps the clouds escaping to the other side. Guilani men and women hand in hand work on their shalizars or rise fields and produce the green gold that comes the shalizars or rice farms. Their shalizars even add more beauty to the colorful nature of the province. The tea producers also have their own share the green and good scent of tea bushes they filled their baskets with a green leaves of tea which will become a cup of tea to drink and let all the heart chips and fatigue go out of their bodies.
A very brief search in the heart of the mountains along with the young herdsman was flocks of cows, sheep and goats. More than 20 kinds of different fishes could be caught in the waters and Costal areas of Iran, such as the Elephant fish, Chalbash, Gharebaroon, Sheep and Ozon which are all surgeon fishes producing Kaviar, but not surgeon fishes such as the Sefid, Kafal, Mash, Kapoor, Sim, Soof, Azad and Koolmeh could also be seen in the fishing nets. The tourist and guest get never leave Guilan without buying souvenirs, the table the set and ready for enjoyment and good purchases. A vast variety of goods that includes rice, fish, olives, the domestic wild herbs of the region, Vermishels, Sia Mezgi cheese, spring tea, honey, jam, peanuts, oaks, different kinds of cookies, pickles, hazelnuts and citrus fruits all attract tourists to pick for their own taste. Putting aside the edible goods of Guilan, it is turne for Guilan’s industries such as wood, bamboo vv, sowing, making filled carpets and ribs and even taxidermies birds, art, wisdom and effort are the souvenirs of Guilan. Guilan has pride and a great history. A strong fortress remaining the Sassanid Empire some 10 centuries ago which stands on the Peak of Talesh Mountains, The Roodkhan ford which is now empty, silent and alone thanks of its ancient dignity and pride on the top of the mountain in the heart of the woods. The ford is 500 meters long and its width changes in different parts and it covers an area about 5 hectares. The Sepidrood River comes a long distance to be can find behind the big dam and after stretching into the rivers narrow paths it reaches a bosom of the Caspian Sea. The construction of the Sepidrood’s dam started in 1333 and ended in 1339 and. Tarik and sangar are also dams blocking the Sepidrood in other parts. We can name the Shafarood dam and Plour dam as the other dams of Guilan province. Guilan has great and strong winds that comb the leaves of trees in Manjil. The winds also run the electrical turbine plants in Manjil and produce green energy electricity which is produced by the use of wind, The winds that have destroyed and devastated home and cities before now provide electricity and light, but in the provincial capital of Guilan the city of Rasht the museum’s building which is seventy years old has been constructed in an area of about 700 square meters. The museum has two different departments of Anthropologie and Archaeology. In the department of Anthropology we become familiar with a social life of Guilani people and learned about their occupations and professions and in the department of Archeology one witnesses the great ancient history of Iran which indicates the culture of the people. The ancient art effects of the department are stone arrows aging some 3000 years (BC), Zareen cup, Marlik cup, the statue of Marlik cow, the great Clay statue are all kept in this museum.
Anzali is the biggest part on the costal line of the Caspian Sea, lovely and colorful proud of the new ways that has provided for dear Iran a better and brighter future is expected beside the sea. In 1375 Anzali was announced as special economic zone and today by 10 waterfronts it has the capacity to sheep and lowed 5 million tons per year. If the different green districts and towns and path ways of Guilan well low the weekly market Anzalli witnesses markets of domestic and foreign trade. Anzali port which has computerized and has costumes which means facility and access for the businessman. Now a days with new relations between Guilan and Astarakhan as well as Guilan and Makhaj fort a suitable root for the transportation of goods has been made which has faster and more economical Standing in the north….corridor called Nastract time spend of export the Persian-Golf to Helsinki has been decreased down to 70 %. Now Guilan share in the development and improvement of trade relations among different countries executing the complete Bandar project access to the national rale road for foreign and domestic investment.
Masoleh is a historical city in the west of Guilan with more than a thousand years of history. It attracts all the eyes all over the world. Masouleh with its clay walls, flower vases and wooden windows, open the windows and take a breath that comes the scent of mountains and jungles. A museum park with the aim to show the culture of Guilan with the participation of UNESCO and Tehran University tries to keep the memory of the roots and past generations. The clay roofs of the old buildings such as the building of municipality and the KolahFarangi building are all beautiful scenes that cannot escape the art loving eyes of people and artists. Above these, are beside the loudest of the lagoon that cannot be described and all these features, the beautiful sea, jungles, the mountains, the rivers, etc…. had been introduced to the eyes of the world as much as they have to be, undoubtedly many tourist eagerly come and visit Guilan which host them warmly and kindly. Lagoons of Guilan which nest different spacious of birds the white Swallow, Changar, Domjonbanak, Tavoosak, the flamingos are all the guests of the lagoons. The orchard owners have their own share out of all the things that God has bestowed upon that, and are thankful to him for that. Guilan is the 5th province in the production of Citrus fruit in Iran. More than 6000 hectares of Citrus fruit orchard yield about 90000 tons of produce Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Lime, Narenges, Balangs and Toranges are all heavenly gifts on the trees of Guilan.
Roudbar is one of the famous and beautiful cities of Guilan. 83% of the olive production of the country is provided by Roudbar. A beautiful green seed that beside being edible is use in oil and soap industries.
Lahijan province occupies a nearly429-square kilometer region on the east of Guilan Province. It has two cities of Rodbaneh and Lahijan, and two districts of Markazi and Roudbaneh va Haftdehestan. The city of Lahijan, which is known as the most beautiful city of northern Iran, occupies 1620 square hectares. It is situated at the foot of Sheikhan Kuh Mount 45 kilometers away the center of the province. Some believe that the word Lahijan means the city of silk because it has been an important center of silk and silk kfabric production since many years ago. The plain of Lahijans is economically important due of Lahijan that is produced since the region of Mozaffar-ed Din Shah by Kashef-os Saltaneh. Rice, bean, fruit, hemp, and silk production as well as fishery and hunting are important jobs in the region. Lahijan is one of old cities of Guilan mentioned in the historical and geographical documents since the early fifth century AH. Some attractive spots of the city are mausoleums of Chahar Padeshah, Sheikh Zahed Guilani, and Mir Shams-od Din; and Akbari-ye Mosque and Golshan Bath.
Astaneh Ashrafieh is one of the most important religious and attractive spots of Guilan. The existence of the mausoleum of Hazra- Seyed Jalal-ed Din in this city has a double significance. In the past it was called koochan. Jala-ed Din Ashraf the son of Imam Mousa kazem was moved to this city at the fourth century but it was not mentioned in any sources. Currently Astaneh Ashrafie is one of the important religious and agriculture cities of Guilan. Some attractive spots of the city are Tombs of Dr. Moeen, Agha Seyed Mohammad and A-Pir- Jangali and the mausoleum of Seyed Jalal-ed Din Ashraf.
Talesh or Talish was named Tablestan in Arabic. Hashpar is the provincial capital of Talesh, also called Safarood and later on Karganrood. Until the Afshar dynasty the southern part of this county was governed by Lasgar and the middle part was under the ruled of TavTool. After signing the Golestan treaty and Torkamanchay Talesh was apart Iran and divided in to two parts. Mausoleum of Sharaf-Shah and Zargham-ol-Saltaneh palace are the important spots of Talesh.
Roudsar is located in a verdant plain 326 kilometres (203 mi) Tehran and to the south of the Caspian Sea. According to valid historical documents, the ancient name of Roodsar was "Koutum", which was a small city in Rankooh. The other name of Roodsar was "Hoosem" that had a thriving bazaar and big mosque in the year 375 AH. Later on this city was ruined due to unknown reasons, and was reconstructed by Seyed Reza Kiya during the years 789-831 AH. Amir Bande Mosque, Tamijan Brick Bridge, Mausoleums of Agha Seyed Moeein and Agha Seyed Mobin are some historical spots of Roudsar.
Fooman was the provincial center of the region before transferring the center of Bieh pas state to Rasht by Sultan Jamshid in 980 A.H. this even caused Fooman to lose its importance gradually and became a bazaar and local city. Fooman was overshadowed by the daily increasing development of Rasht. Since then it has got just a marginal position for many years. However, recently it has changed to a thriving city and gained its due credit. Fooman is 25 km far form Rasht and composed of two districts of central and Sardar jangle.
Fooman has historic and brilliant record. This city once was the center of Guilan, Bieh Pas, known as Dar-Ol-Emareh. The people depend on agriculture for most of their income. So Fooman is one of the main rice planting areas in Guilan. Besides rice plantation, common activities are animal husbandly, poultry farming sericulture, and silk hand-made products.
Favorable climate, jungles and mountains with densely covered tree and numerous springs, holy shrines and historical and cultural sites have made Fooman such a popular tourist destination in Guilan, and even throughout Iran.
To reach this heaven you don’t have to go through a lot of trouble. The great airport of Rasht located on the Left side of Rasht. The Anzali road is counted as an international airport that witnesses the landing of the Iranian iron birds.The green beautiful land of Guilan with 14 hotels, 30 smaller hotels and 52 guest houses host thousands of travelers that come to visit the lovely nature of Guilan. To observe the relation between men and nature hand in hand, to see that they are beside each-other, to see that Guilan has the biggest green house of the country to keep the herbs and plants warm during the cold season.
Your mountain will always be green, the rivers wild, the sky full of clouds and tomorrow the sunsets behind your mountains and rises with tenderness with Kind Guilan and Guilani people.